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How to Become a Graphic Designer


Graphic designing is a profession that has been around for many years. Graphic designers are responsible for the layout and design of any type of visual content, such as advertisements, brochures, flyers, posters, logos and more. Graphic designers work with a variety of tools such as Adobe Photoshop or Illustrator to create graphics that can be used in print or online.

The scope for graphic designers is wide-ranging. They may work in any industry including: advertising agencies; book publishing; business communications; computer game design; corporate communications; film production; fashion design; government agencies; healthcare communication (e.g., medical illustration); higher education (e.g., courseware development); interactive multimedia development for corporate training purposes (e.g., CD-ROMs); logo design for companies and organizations; magazine editorial.

Principles of graphic designing

Graphic designers are artists who use their creativity to visually communicate messages or solve problems. They work with both digital and physical media to create images that are attractive and easy to understand. Graphic designers may specialize in certain areas such as web design or book cover design.

The principles of graphic designing are:


It is the art and technique of arranging type in order to make language visible. Typography includes all aspects of letter design, from the shape of the letterforms to how they are spaced and styled.

Typography is the art and technique of arranging type to make written language legible, readable, and appealing when displayed.


The color principle is the most important principle of graphic design. It is used to guide the eye and create an emotional response.

The color principle is a fundamental design principle for graphic design. It states that the use of color should not be arbitrary, but should instead follow the natural principles of contrast, harmony, and unity.

The natural principles of contrast are when two colors are set next to each other and create a sense of visual interest. This is why you see so many different shades of blue on websites. The natural principles of harmony are when colors work together to create a sense of visual order or peace. This is why you’ll often see shades that are similar to each other being used in designs. The natural principles of unity are when colors work together to create feelings of warmth and coziness. This is why you might see shades like browns or yellows being used in designs for home decorating sites.


Space is an essential principle of graphic design. It can be used to organize the layout of a document, divide a composition into zones, or create the illusion of depth.

The space around and between objects creates contrast and interest in a composition. Space allows for visual hierarchy by separating different elements and grouping them together. Space also creates movement and directs attention by framing focal points within compositions.


The balance principle is the most crucial principle in graphic design. It is important for a designer to have a good sense of balance and proportion. This principle helps to create a sense of stability, order and beauty in any design.

Balance can be achieved through the use of symmetry, asymmetry or both. Symmetric designs are those where the two sides are mirror images of each other. Asymmetric designs are those where one side is not an exact mirror image of the other side.


The Image principle is an important principle in graphic design. It is the idea that all images should be designed with a focal point, which is usually the most important thing in the image. The focal point can be a person, object, or area of interest.

The focal point of an image should always be clear to the viewer, and it should not be cluttered by other objects or distractions.

The Image principle of graphic designing is the use of images and visual elements to enhance the message of a design. Images are used to create a more personal connection with the audience.

Images are a powerful tool in graphic design that can be used to convey emotions, stimulate thought, or clarify content. The Image principle of graphic designing is the use of images and visual elements to enhance the message of a design. Images are used to create a more personal connection with the audience.

Type of Graphic Designer

There are many different types of graphic designers such as web designers, illustrators and animators. They work with software like Adobe Photoshop to create graphics for print or digital media.

They have a variety of skills that enable them to work in many different sectors. These include advertising, architecture, art direction, book publishing, corporate communications or product packaging. The professional graphic designer has an understanding of how people are influenced by design in their everyday lives.

How to Develop portfolio for graphic designing?

A portfolio is a great way to showcase your skills and experience to potential employers. It allows the employer to see your work in a more detailed way and get an idea of what you can do for them. A portfolio is also necessary if you want to apply for a design course at university, as it will form part of your application.

In order to develop a portfolio, you need to start with the basics- choose one skill that you are really good at and work on developing it further. You can then build on this skill by adding other skills that will make your portfolio look more professional.

How Freelance Graphic Designers Earn?

Freelance graphic designers are people who design graphics for clients. They are paid per project, which is usually completed in a day or two. In India, The average freelance graphic designer earns Rs.1500 per hour, while the top 10% earn over Rs.5500 per hour.

The freelancing industry has been on the rise since the last decade and is expected to grow even more in the future. The demand for graphic designers will be higher than ever before, as they are needed not only by companies but also by individuals who want to make their business more attractive online and offline.

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